Nature-based Solutions

What are the Nature-based Solutions?

Nature-based solutions are biological solutions on which, the livelihood of billions of people directly and indirectly depend, are habitat for billions of creatures and biodiversity, and play a crucial role in the climate system. On one hand, they help to reduce the greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere by activating natural carbon sinks, and on the other hand, can promote socio-economic development. They already hold enormous amounts of carbon and are able to bind additional, large amounts of greenhouse gas emissions, among others CO2. They are therefore particularly important for the survival of humans.

Why are Nature-based Solutions important?


Nature-based solutions are a fundamental part of action for climate, environment and biodiversity. They are the bridge between social benefits, economic development as well as wealth creation, last but not least, climate and environmental protection. Authoritative research shows that Nature-based Solutions can provide more than one-third of the cost-effective climate mitigation needed to stabilise global warming below 2°C by 2030, achieving nature’s mitigation potential of 10-12 gigatonnes of CO2 per year. Adequate investment in Nature-based Solutions will help reduce the negative financial impacts of climate change and contribute to the creation of new jobs, livelihoods and poverty reduction for people. Nature-based Solutions underpin the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): they support vital ecosystem services, biodiversity and access to fresh water, improved livelihoods, providing sustainable energy, healthy diets and food security through sustainable food systems. Therefore, we must protect them and treat them sustainably.

Soil and humus






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